Improvised Explosive Device Awareness Program
Today, in Afghanistan, Iraq, and other parts of the Middle East the weapon of choice in the mobile environment is the "Road-Side Bomb” armed with an "Improvised Explosive Device" (IED). An IED is a bomb made with readily available materials and by incorporating destructive, lethal, noxious, pyrotechnic, or incendiary chemicals with the intent to destroy or incapacitate personnel &: vehicles.
IEDs are used to distract, disrupt, or delay an opposing force. IEDs may utilize military or commercially-sourced explosives. They often combine both types, or they may otherwise be made with “Homemade Explosives” (HME) and may be used in terrorist actions or in unconventional warfare by guerrillas or commando forces in a theater of operations. From 2003–2010 during the Iraq War, IEDs were used extensively against coalition forces and by the end of 2007 they had become responsible for approximately 64% of coalition deaths in Iraq. In Afghanistan, IEDs have caused over 66% of the coalition casualties in the 2001–present Afghanistan War.
Over the last 12 years, Gryphon Group has trained over 28,000 Warfighters to face the many threats found in mobile environments around the world. Gryphon’s Improvised Explosive Device Awareness Program is continuously updated with information from current battlefields around the world. The program is designed to help Warfighters to fully understand the IED threat and how to minimize it.
Gryphon’s training is conducted IAW the Joint Improvised Explosive Device Defeat Organization’s (JIEDDO) Recognition of Combatants Improvised Explosive Devices Program of Instruction, TM 31-210 Improvised Munitions Handbook, FM 20-32 Mine/Countermine Operations, &: FMI 3-34.119 Improvised Explosive Device Defeat. This program is also in harmony with the standards of training set forth by the Department of Homeland Security’s Incident Response to Terrorist Bombings Program.
Gryphon’s Improvised Explosive Device Awareness Program is covered under GSA Schedule SIN #426-6, Contract #GS-07F-0377N and the Battlefield Commander Security Team Program.
The Fundamentals of Explosives:
The nature of an explosion is a sudden 3600 release of energy from a chemical or molecular chain reaction. In accordance with FM 5-250 Explosives &: Demolitions, each participant will examine the fundamentals of explosive substances. The program will cover the basic theory of explosives, their characteristics and common uses, formulas for calculating various types of charges, and standard methods of priming and placing these charges. These topics will be examined in a hands-on workshop setting & field lab.
Three field labs will allow students to observe and handle inert training aids &: live explosives, when possible, as well as observe their resulting damage. Sessions will include:
- IED Pre-attack Indicators
- IED Placement
- IED Tactics
- Initiation Systems Lab
- IED Composition &: Form lab
- HME Pre-Cursors &: Components Lab
- Letter and Briefcase/Package Bombs Lab
- Full-Scale Vehicle Bombs Lab
- EFP Construction Lab
Commercial/Military &: Home Made Explosives Recognition:
In early 2008, The Joint IED Defeat Organization (JIEDDO) Joint Task Force Paladin in Afghanistan identified a training gap in an emerging enemy practice of using Home Made Explosives (HME) or Unknown Bulk Explosives (UBE) in IEDs. JIEDDO assisted the Services in training their deploying units to recognize HME/UBE by bringing together a Training Assistance Team with joint military representatives, coalition experts, a representative from the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives, and trained contractors. During this program, War-Fighters will receive up-to-date JIEDDO briefs on this growing threat. Four field labs will allow students to observe and handle inert training aids &: live explosives, when possible, as well as observe their resulting damage. Sessions will include:
- Post Detonation Field Labs
- IED Detection Lane
- IED placement Lane
- IED Awareness Written Exam
Each participant will learn &: practice enhanced situational awareness techniques in the following categories:
- Terrain Feature Indicators
- Environmental Indicators
- Local Population Indicators
- Suicide Bombers Pre-Attack Indicators
- Number of Students Per Class
- Total Number of Classes
- Level of Customization
On Average, the 2-Day IEDAP is from $595 to $795 per person, per day
On Average, the 5-Day IEDAP is from $495 to $695 per person, per day